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Guarding Against Identity Theft


By Shelly J. Robinson

Social Security Public Affairs Specialist

Its been said that the true spirit of the holiday season is in giving, not receiving. With this in mind, its likely that you will be spending a bit of time shopping for presents, your credit card flying out of your wallet or purse like wind-blown snow.

But as you shop in stores and online, be sure youre not giving a surprise gift to an identity thief. Because the surprise will be on you and it wont be a good one.

Sometimes when you do business, you may be asked for your Social Security number. In many cases, those asking dont really need it. If anyone asks for your Social Security number or other identifying information, ask them why they want it and whether they absolutely need it. They can refuse you service if you dont provide it, but consider whether the service is worth the risk.

Identity theft is one of the fastest growing crimes in America. Someone who steals your Social Security number can use it to get other personal information about you. Identity thieves can use your number to apply for more credit in your name. Then, they use the credit cards but leave the bills for you. Falling victim to identity theft can ruin your credit rating and make things difficult for months or years to come.

Identity thieves can obtain your Social Security number, credit card numbers, and personal information in a number of ways, including:

  • Stealing wallets, purses, and mail;
  • Intercepting personal information you provide on an unsecured website, from business or personnel records at work, and personal information in your home;
  • Rummaging through your trash, and public trash dumps, for personal information;
  • Posing as someone who needs your information, such as a government agency, employer, bank, or landlord; and
  • Buying personal information from store clerks, employees, or other individuals who have the information.

There are things you can do to protect your identity. Dont give out your Social Security number to just anyone. Dont carry your card in your wallet or purse; keep your Social Security card locked away in a safe place with your other important papers. Check your credit reports once a year, which you can do for free at www.annualcreditreport.com.

Want to learn more? Read our online fact sheet, Identity Theft And Your Social Security Number, at www.ssa.gov/pubs/10064.html.

If you think someone is using your number or identity, contact the Federal Trade Commission at www.ftc.gov/bcp/edu/microsites/idtheft, or call 1-877-IDTHEFT (1-877-438-4338) (TTY 1-866-653-4261.)

Protect your information this holiday season, and youll enjoy a little more peace on earth in the year to come.