All LSC facilities remain closed through April 30. Classes moving online resume April 13. Click here for course conversion information. Fall registration begins April 15. Additional student resources can be found at LoneStar.edu/Coronavirus.
**Important Update** Students must first complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid form (FAFSA) before being eligible to apply for financial aid and other scholarships. Apply now at LoneStar.edu/CARESAct.
Based on The Chicago Manual of Style 15th ed. (2003). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Chicago uses two styles of documentation. The notes/bibliography (N/B) style is commonly used in literature, history and the arts. The author/date (A/D) style is commonly used in the natural and social sciences. Italics are used for book and journal titles (underlining no longer used). First line of entry flush with margin, second and subsequent lines indented 5 to 7 spaces. Alphabetize by author’s last name. First names should be listed as they appear on the title page. If no author, alphabetize by first significant word in title. Heading for reference list page is “Bibliography” for N/B style and “References” for A/D style. Reference list page is double-spaced. N/B citations are placed as footnotes at the bottom of the page or as endnotes at the end of the document.
Type of Entry
Citation in Text
Articles retrieved from online databases—Basic components.
N/B: Author Last Name, First Name. “Article Title.” Journal Title, vol#, issue (Year): URL database homepage.
A/D: Author Last Name, First Name. Year. Article title. Journal Title, vol#, issue # or (month): page numbers. URL database homepage.
If using time sensitive information, may include accessed date in parenthesis at end of citation.