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  • Preparation (assignment comprehension, reading, ideas, research, etc.)
  • Content (focus, argumentation, support, development, logic, quoting, etc.)
  • Structure (organization, thesis, introduction, conclusion, transitions, etc.)
  • Style (formality, person, clarity, concision, diction/phrasing, parallelism, etc.)
  • Grammar (run-ons, fragments, tense, agreement, articles, prepositions, etc.)
  • Mechanics (comma usage, punctuation, spelling, capitalization, etc.)
  • Formatting (MLA, APA, Chicago, citations, cover page, header/footer, etc.)
  • General (specific disciplines, test preparation, workforce needs, etc.)

Issue Resource

Introduction to Prewriting (Invention), Purdue Online Writing Lab

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking, Study Guides and Strategies


American Literature: Short stories and classic literature from around the world, all available for free!

Close Reading

How to Do a Close Reading, Carson-Newman University

Reading Poetry

How to Read a Poem, The Writer's Handbook, University of Wisconsin - Madison

Reading Techniques

SQ3R, Study Guides and Strategies

Research Preliminaries

Research Preparation, Cal State- Los Angeles

The Writing Process

Stages of the Writing Process, The University of Wisconsin - Madison

Issue Resource

The Toulmin Method, Colorado State University


Book or Article Review or Critique Guidelines, Tidewater Community College


Focus, Colorado State University

Literature Review Literature Review Components, University of California at Santa Cruz

Logic in Argumentative Writing, Purdue Online Writing Lab

Using Sources

Plagiarism, LSCS Libraries

Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing, Purdue Online Writing Lab

Writing About Literature

Literary Analysis: Using Elements of Literature, Roane State Community College

Critical Approaches, Samantha Blackmon, Purdue University: A brief overview of different approaches.

Writing About Poetry

Writing About Poetry, Hamilton College

Poetry Explication, Sarah Lundquist

Analyzing Poetry, Roxanne Kent-Drury, Northern Kentucky University

Issue Resource
Basic Essay

Essay Planning and Structure, Massey University

The Five-Paragraph Essay, Study Guides and Strategies

Case Study

How to Write a Psychology Case Study, Kendra Cherry, About.com


Popular Quotes for Introductions, Goodreads


Conclusions, Effective Writing Center, University of Maryland University College


How To Write a Thesis Statement, Indiana University


Transitional Words and Phrases, Study Guides and Strategies

Structure of Persuasion

Persuasive Essays, the Basics, Time4Writing

Compare and Contrast

Compare and Contrast Essay, Elsbee

Cause and Effect

Cause and Effect Essay, Cal State- LA

Issue Resource

Writing Clear, Concise Sentences, The Writer's Handbook, University of Wisconsin - Madison


Wordiness, University of Victoria, A long list of redundancies


"He or She" Versus "They," Oxford Dictionaries Online: A progressive approach to the problem of gender-neutral pronoun reference.

Stereotypes and Biased Language, Purdue Online Writing Lab


Parallel Structure, Purdue Online Writing Lab


Formality, Purdue OWL

Tone and Formality

Tone in Business Writing, Purdue Online Writing Lab

Video: Academic Voice: Using English's Biases For You, Ian Sherman, SlideShare: An eye-opening video presentation centered on vocabulary.


Voice: Active and Passive, Towson University


Non-Errors, Paul Brians, Washington State University: A list of things that people keep saying are wrong but are actually standard


Diction, Literary Devices


Issue Resource

Comparatives and Superlatives, ESL Base


Confusing Pronouns, Writer's Web, University of Richmond: How to avoid mistakes in pronoun agreement.

Subject-Verb Agreement, Towson University: A self-teaching unit with visual aids and exercises.


Using Articles, Purdue OWL


Sentence Fragments, The Guide to Grammar and Writing


Modal Verbs, Learn English

Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal Verbs, English Club


Prepositions: Locators in Time and Place, The Guide to Grammar and Writing


Pronouns, Towson University

Relative Clauses

Relative Clauses, English Grammar 4U


Run-On Sentences, Comma Splices, The Guide to Grammar and Writing

Sentence Structure

The Structure of a Sentence, David Megginson, University of Ottawa

Sentence Types

The Discourse Functions of Sentences, The Internet Grammar of English

Imperative, English Language
TSI Test

TSI Practice Questions

Verb Forms

English Verb Conjugator, English Language

Comparing Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives, Purdue Online Writing Lab

Infinitive or -Ing?, English Club

Interactive Exercises

Advanced English Grammar Exercises

Grammar Exercises, Grammar Bytes

Issue Resource

The Apostrophe, Purdue Online Writing Lab


A Little Help with Capitals, Purdue Online Writing Lab


Commas: Quick Rules, Purdue Online Writing Lab

Exercises on Comma Usage, The Guide to Grammar and Writing

Commonly Confused Words

Commonly Confused Words, Oxford Dictionary

Hyphens and Dashes

Hyphen Use, Purdue Online Writing Lab

How to Use a Dash in an English Sentence, WikiHow


Bulleted Lists: Capitalization and Punctuation, Judy Vorfeld, SiteTube

Quotation Marks

Using Quotation Marks, Grammar Book

Colons and Semicolons

Colons and Semicolons, St. Cloud State

Issue Resource
AMA Style

AMA Style, BioMedical Editor

AP Style

Associated Press Style, Purdue Online Writing Lab

APA Style

APA Formatting and Style Guide, Purdue Online Writing Lab

Frequently Asked Questions About APA Style, American Psychological Association

ASA Style

Formatting in Sociology (ASA Style), Purdue Online Writing Lab

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chicago Manual of Style 16th Edition, Purdue Online Writing Lab

Citation Guide (all styles)

Citation Guide, OnlineSchools.org

CSE Style
CSE Style Guide, University of Wisconsin
GSA Style

Geology Guidelines: Style, The Geological Society of America

Microsoft Word 
Tips on MS Word, Allen Wyatt's Word Tips
MLA Style

MLA Formatting and Style Guide, Purdue Online Writing Lab

Issue Resource
Business Research

Business Research, Free Management Library


Many Things: Fun ways to learn basic English skills.

Self-Study Quizzes for ESL Students


HESI A2 Test, Nursing Exam Prep Info


How to Write a News Story, MediaCollege

Letter Writing

Letter Writing Guide: A thorough guide to many different types of letters, complete with examples.


Writing Exercises, Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)

Exercises, My English Pages


Habits of Effective Writers, Hamilton Colleg


Twelve Common Errors, The University of Wisconsin - Madison: A checklist to aid you in editing your work.

The Seven Deadly Sins of Writing, Hamilton College Writing Center 


Resume Workshop, Purdue Online Writing Lab

Resume Samples, LiveCareer

Technical Writing guides and exercises

Technical Writing, Penn State University


THEA Test Skill Descriptions, THEA, Describes the skills teste


Dictionary.com: Find the spelling, meaning, pronunciation, history, translations, and much more.

Books Ngram Viewer, Google Labs: Look up any word or phrase to see a chart of its popularity over time.


Purdue Online Writing Lab: An extensive one-stop reference, often referred to as simply "the OWL."

Writing Center Handouts, Hamilton College
Worksheets, Arizona State

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