|MLA Style||APA Style||Chicago Manual of Style||Turabian Style||Ask a Librarian!|
Resource citation plays an important role in academic research because it allows readers to identify the academic conversation the writer is entering. It also allows the writer to acknowledge where his or her ideas have developed from and whose ideas the writer is building on.
Failure to properly document ideas taken from another writer or researcher is called plagiarism and is a serious violation of college policy. You can learn more about plagiarism here.
There are many citation styles that professors might ask you to use over your academic career. Below you will find resources for MLA and APA citation styles, as well as the less common Chicago and Turabian styles. We provide examples of basic bibliography entries; please refer to the full guide for more information citing various types of resources and for examples of in-text citations.
|Annotated Bibliographies||Guide to the Library||Plagiarism|
author last name, first name middle initial. title. city of publication: publisher, year of publication. medium of publication.
Hoover, John. Time Management: Set Priorities to Get the Right Things Done. New York: Collins, 2007. Print.
authors last name, first name and middle initial. "article title". journal title volume, issue (year): page numbers. medium of publication.
Warner, Megan B., et al. “The Longitudinal Relationship of Personality Traits and Disorders.” Journal of Abnormal Psychology 113.2 (2004): 217-27. Print.
author last name, first name middle initial. (if available) title of web page. title of overall site. sponsor of site. date of creation (if available). medium of publication. date of access.
Parenting Corner Q & A: Immunizations. American Academy of Pediatrics. Amer. Acad. of Pediatrics, Feb. 2009. Web. 4 June 2009.
For a complete list of MLA citation rules and examples, use the resources below.
author last name, first initial and middle initial. (year of publication). title. place of publication: publisher.
Doyal, L. (1995). What makes women sick: Gender and the political economy of health. Chicago, IL: Nelson-Hall.
author last name, first initial and middle initial. (year). article title. journal title, volume, page. numbers.
Rosenthal, N. (1996). Molecular medicine: Tools of the trade -- recombinant DNA. New England Journal of Medicine, 28, 315-317.
author (date). document title. Retrieved from electronic address. [If no author #3 takes place of #1.]
Union of Concerned Scientists. (2008, August 27). Global warming: Successes. Retrieved from http://www.ucsusa.org/global_warming/successes/
For a complete list of APA citation rules and examples, use the resources below.
author last name, first name. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.
William Faulkner, Absalom, Absalom! New York: Vintage Books, 1990.
author last name, first name. "Article Title." Journal Title volume, issue (Year of Publication): page numbers. Accessed date. URL.
Bent, Henry E. "Professionalization of the Ph.D. Degree.” College Composition and Communication 58, no. 4 (2007): 0-145. Accessed December 5, 2008. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1978286.
author last name, first name. “Title of Web Page.” Publishing Organization or Name of Website in Italics. Publication date and/or access date if available. URL.
* Examples from Purdue OWL: Chicago Manual of Style
Thrall, Grant Ian. Land Use and Urban Form. New York: Methuen, 1987. http://www.rri.wvu.edu/WebBook/Thrallbook/Land%20Use%20and%20Urban%20Form.pdf.
For a complete list of Chicago Manual of Style citation rules and examples, use the resources below.