Your Pathway to a Meaningful Career: Biotechnology Laboratory Technician
The mission of the Biotechnology Program at Lone Star College-Montgomery is to prepare students to become biotechnology laboratory technicians. The program includes experiences with basic laboratory skills, math, genetic engineering, protein purification, cell culture, quality assurance and quality control, bioinformatics, computer skills, ethics, documentation, and teamwork. Students who complete the program are prepared to work in a variety of positions in companies such as pharmaceutical, molecular diagnostics, manufacturing, research, agriculture and cell culture. The hands-on approach also serves those students interested in other laboratory technician jobs such as those in the chemical and oil/gas industries.
The LSC-Montgomery Biotechnology Program offers a 2-year Associates of Applied Science (AAS) degree and a 1-year Advanced Technical Certificate (ATC) for students with a 4-year degree. The AAS degree provides students the skills necessary to be a biotechnology laboratory technician as well as the core courses that will transfer to a 4-year university such as University of Houston-Downtown, Stephen F. Austin State University or UT M. D. Anderson School of Health Science. The ATC program provides post-baccalaureate students the hands-on skills necessary to be a biotechnology laboratory technician and is composed solely of biotechnology courses. At the end of both programs, students are required to do an internship in industry. Many of our students are hired during their internship while others choose to continue their education at a 4-year university.
The term biotechnology was coined in 1919 by Karl Erecky, a Hungarian engineer, and referred to the types of work that involved using living organisms to make products.
By the mid-20th century, many teams of researchers were putting together the pieces that explain how a nucleic acid, DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid), carries the genetic information of the cell, and thus of all life on Earth. In 1953 James Watson and Francis Crick developed a model of DNA -- the famous "double helix" -- that demonstrated how the molecule could replicate itself to transmit genetic information.
These discoveries opened the floodgates to today's biotechnology, where researchers and technicians are manufacturing new DNA, combining DNA from different life forms, and identifying which particular sequences of DNA are responsible for genetic traits, both good ones (like pest resistance in crops) and bad ones (like cystic fibrosis in humans). By working with these DNA sequences, researchers can eliminate undesirable traits, promote desirable ones, and move the traits from one life form into another. The major focus of biotechnology today is the manipulation of not only living organisms but their sub-cellular parts. Welcome genomics and the golden era of genetics: What was once obscure research for scientists has become relevant to all of us.