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Citation Help

Find a DOI: Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs)

All three major citation styles (MLA, APA, and MLA) prefer the DOI as the location information in a scholarly citation. If your source doesn't provide a DOI, try the "DOI # Finder" tool (located on the right tab) from  Alvin Sherman Library, Research, and Information Technology Center to check if one is available. Not all publications have DOIs associated with them. If the DOI is not available, follow the recommendations for the appropriate citation style on how to format the URL.

MLA Citation Help

Based on the MLA (8th ed.) Handbook: 8th Edition, 2016

MLA Style Center (from the Modern Language Association)
Use the search box and/or topic links provided on the page to find answers to citation questions not covered or detailed by the MLA Handbook or works cited guide.

APA Citation Help

Based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., 2010

APA Style Blog (from the American Psychological Association)
Use the search box provided on the page to find answers to citation questions not covered by the APA manual or citation guide.

Chicago/Turabian Citation Help

Based on The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed., 2017 and A Manual for Writers, 9th ed., 2018

Other Citation Help Resources

KnightCite Citation Creator
Select the correct style (MLA, APA, Chicago) before entering information. This tool helps format information sources in MLA, APA, and Chicago style, but it is not perfect, so recheck your citations with a library guide.

Tips for Correctly Formatting a Research Paper in Microsoft Word (PDF)