Find a DOI: Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs)
All three major citation styles (MLA, APA, and MLA) prefer the DOI as the location information in a scholarly citation. If your source doesn't provide a DOI, try the "DOI # Finder" tool (located on the right tab) from Alvin Sherman Library, Research, and Information Technology Center to check if one is available. Not all publications have DOIs associated with them. If the DOI is not available, follow the recommendations for the appropriate citation style on how to format the URL.
MLA Citation Help
Based on the MLA (8th ed.) Handbook: 8th Edition, 2016
- MLA 8 Short Works Cited (PDF, 2 pgs.)
- MLA 8 Style Works Cited (PDF, 9 pgs.)
- MLA 8 Containers Worksheet (PDF, 1 pg.)
Structured template to create citations
MLA Style Center (from the Modern Language Association)
Use the search box and/or topic links provided on the page to find answers to citation questions not covered or detailed by the MLA Handbook or works cited guide.
APA Citation Help
Based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., 2010
- APA 2010 Citation Guide (PDF)
- APA Sample One-Experiment Paper (PDF) (from the American Psychological Association)
- Frequently Asked Questions About APA Style (from the American Psychological Association)
APA Style Blog (from the American Psychological Association)
Use the search box provided on the page to find answers to citation questions not covered by the APA manual or citation guide.
Chicago/Turabian Citation Help
Based on The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed., 2017 and A Manual for Writers, 9th ed., 2018
- Notes and Bibliography: Sample Citations from the University of Chicago Press
- Notes and Bibliography: Sample Paper from Purdue University OWL
- Author-Date: Sample Citations from the University of Chicago Press
- Author-Date: Sample Paper from Purdue University OWL
- Chicago 17th Edition/Turabian 9th Edition Student Paper Formatting from the University of Chicago Press
Other Citation Help Resources
KnightCite Citation Creator
Select the correct style (MLA, APA, Chicago) before entering information. This tool helps format information sources in MLA, APA, and Chicago style, but it is not perfect, so recheck your citations with a library guide.